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ESR1, Gene Amplification

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Expand Collapse ESR1  - General Description The ESR1 gene encodes an estrogen receptor, which is a ligand-activated transcription factor composed of hormone binding domain, DNA binding domain, and transcription activation domain. The protein localizes to the nucleus, where it forms homodimers, or heterodimerizes with ESR2. Transactivation in the nucleus involves either direct homodimer binding to an estrogen response element (ERE) sequence, or association with other DNA-binding transcription factors such as AP-1/c-Jun, c-Fos, ATF-2, Sp1 and Sp3 to mediate ERE-independent signaling. Mutual trans-repression occurs between the ESR and NF-kapa-B in a cell-type specific manner. Alternative promoter usage and alternative splicing result in dozens of transcript variants, but the full length nature of many of these variants has not been determined. Estrogen and its receptors are essential for sexual development and reproductive function, but also play a role in other tissues such as bone. Sources: Ref Sequence Mar 2014; NCBI Gene; UniProt;The ESR1 gene encodes an estrogen receptor, which is a ligand-activated transcription factor composed of hormone binding domain, DNA binding domain, and transcription activation domain. The protein localizes to the nucleus, where it forms homodimers, or heterodimerizes with ESR2. Transactivation in the nucleus involves either direct homodimer binding to an estrogen response element (ERE) sequence, or association with other DNA-binding transcription factors such as AP-1/c-Jun, c-Fos, ATF-2, Sp1 and Sp3 to mediate ERE-independent signaling. Mutual trans-repression occurs between the ESR and NF-kapa-B in a cell-type specific manner. Alternative promoter usage and alternative splicing result in dozens of transcript variants, but the full length nature of many of these variants has not been determined. Estrogen and its receptors are essential for sexual development and reproductive function, but also play a role in other tissues such as bone. Sources: Ref Sequence Mar 2014; NCBI Gene; UniProt;
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The ESR1 gene encodes an estrogen receptor, which is a ligand-activated transcription factor composed of hormone binding domain, DNA binding domain, and transcription activation domain. The protein localizes to the nucleus, where it forms homodimers, or heterodimerizes with ESR2. Transactivation in the nucleus involves either direct homodimer binding to an estrogen response element (ERE) sequence, or association with other DNA-binding transcription factors such as AP-1/c-Jun, c-Fos, ATF-2, Sp1 and Sp3 to mediate ERE-independent signaling. Mutual trans-repression occurs between the ESR and NF-kapa-B in a cell-type specific manner. Alternative promoter usage and alternative splicing result in dozens of transcript variants, but the full length nature of many of these variants has not been determined. Estrogen and its receptors are essential for sexual development and reproductive function, but also play a role in other tissues such as bone.

Sources: Ref Sequence Mar 2014; NCBI Gene; UniProt;
The ESR1 gene encodes an estrogen receptor, which is a ligand-activated transcription factor composed of hormone binding domain, DNA binding domain, and transcription activation domain. The protein localizes to the nucleus, where it forms homodimers, or heterodimerizes with ESR2. Transactivation in the nucleus involves either direct homodimer binding to an estrogen response element (ERE) sequence, or association with other DNA-binding transcription factors such as AP-1/c-Jun, c-Fos, ATF-2, Sp1 and Sp3 to mediate ERE-independent signaling. Mutual trans-repression occurs between the ESR and NF-kapa-B in a cell-type specific manner. Alternative promoter usage and alternative splicing result in dozens of transcript variants, but the full length nature of many of these variants has not been determined. Estrogen and its receptors are essential for sexual development and reproductive function, but also play a role in other tissues such as bone.

Sources: Ref Sequence Mar 2014; NCBI Gene; UniProt;
PubMed ID's
24217577, 12496244, 24398047, 24583794
Expand Collapse Gene Amplification  in ESR1
A specific type of genetic alteration in which instead of one copy of a gene per cell, specific segments of the DNA containing the ESR1 gene are copied multiple times (amplified). The amplified ESR1 gene results in many more RNA transcripts of the gene from the multiple copies of the ESR1 coding DNA, which are then translated into the ER protein at a much higher level than is found in normal cells. This overexpression of amplified proteins has been found in a subset of breast cancers.
A specific type of genetic alteration in which instead of one copy of a gene per cell, specific segments of the DNA containing the ESR1 gene are copied multiple times (amplified). The amplified ESR1 gene results in many more RNA transcripts of the gene from the multiple copies of the ESR1 coding DNA, which are then translated into the ER protein at a much higher level than is found in normal cells. This overexpression of amplified proteins has been found in a subset of breast cancers.

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Your Matched Clinical Trials

Trial Matches: (G) - Gene, (M) - Mutation
Trial Status: Showing all 3 results Per Page:
Protocol # Title Location Status Match
NCT03332797 A Study of GDC-9545 Alone or in Combination With Palbociclib and/or Luteinizing Hormone-Releasing Hormone (LHRH) Agonist in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Estrogen Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer A Study of GDC-9545 Alone or in Combination With Palbociclib and/or Luteinizing Hormone-Releasing Hormone (LHRH) Agonist in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Estrogen Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer MGH Open G
NCT03056755 Study Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of Alpelisib Plus Fulvestrant or Letrozole, Based on Prior Endocrine Therapy, in Patients With PIK3CA Mutation With Advanced Breast Cancer Who Have Progressed on or After Prior Treatments Study Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of Alpelisib Plus Fulvestrant or Letrozole, Based on Prior Endocrine Therapy, in Patients With PIK3CA Mutation With Advanced Breast Cancer Who Have Progressed on or After Prior Treatments MGH Open G
NCT03006172 To Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of GDC-0077 Single Agent in Participants With Solid Tumors and in Combination With Endocrine and Targeted Therapies in Participants With Breast Cancer To Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of GDC-0077 Single Agent in Participants With Solid Tumors and in Combination With Endocrine and Targeted Therapies in Participants With Breast Cancer MGH Open G
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